“The Food and Allied Workers Union (Fawu) and employers from eight Illovo farms in KwaZulu-Natal have failed to reach an amicable agreement under the auspices of the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) and a strike certificate has been issued,” a Fawu statement said.
The CCMA is a dispute resolution body mandated by law to mediate labour disputes. Illovo is a wholly-owned subsidiary of London-listed Associated British Foods and operates in South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Swaziland. The labour dispute comes as the South African economy is in recession for the first time since 2009 because of weakness in manufacturing and trade.
There is also growing opposition in the country to President Jacob Zuma, whose decision in March to fire finance minister Pravin Gordhan triggered credit downgrades by all three major credit rating agencies. Fawu members are seeking a 10percent wage increase, versus the 5percent annual rise the union says employers are offering, as well as pension benefits for both full-time and seasonal workers.
“That 5percent is an insult. If you look at what the inflation rate has been since December, it would mean workers are toiling for nothing,” provincial Fawu organiser August Mbhele said. Mbhele said the lowest paid workers on sugar cane farms earned around R2752 monthly, and that most lived more than 30km away from the farms and struggled to find or afford transport. Illovo was not immediately available for comment. Agriculture accounts for less than 5percent of South Africa’s gross domestic product but was one of two areas to show growth when the economy slipped into recession.