Geneva - Oil revenues are funding ongoing violence and human rights violations in South Sudan, UN human rights investigators said on Wednesday, arguing that the desire to control oil production has become the main driver of the conflict.
The UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan said in a report that last year's government anti-rebel offensive in Southern Unity state was really aimed at an oil field in the region.
The offensive had resulted in killings and forced displacement of civilians.
"Human rights have become a casualty in oil-producing areas of the country," the commissioners wrote ahead of a UN Human Rights Council session starting next week in Geneva.
They pointed to the major role that the Chinese National Petroleum Company, the Indian Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, and Malaysia's Petronas play in operating South Sudan's oil fields.