Palestinian Ahed Tamimi Is escorted at a military court near Jerusalem. A 16-year-old girl who is seen in a video kicking and pushing two Israeli soldiers near her West Bank home is being celebrated by Palestinians as a symbol of a new generation resisting a 50-year-old Israeli occupation. Picture: AP Photo/Oren Ziv

Jerusalem - Ahed Tamimi is only a teenager, but has repeatedly been at the centre of the seemingly endless propaganda war between Israelis and Palestinians, with a video of her slapping soldiers the latest example.

Tamimi, 16 and recognisable by her shock of blonde hair, has been held up by Palestinians and other supporters as a brave opponent of Israel's occupation of the West Bank.

A years-old photograph of her raising her fist at a soldier was widely published and led to her being received by then Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in 2012.

She was also photographed while wearing a Tweety Bird shirt and biting the hand of an Israeli soldier in 2015 to try to stop the arrest of a brother.

But for Israeli officials, she is being made to star in staged provocations by her family, prominent activists who have been at the forefront of protests in their village of Nabi Saleh near Ramallah.

The latest incident led to her arrest on December 19 along with that of her mother and cousin. She has been detained since and is due to appear in military court again later Thursday.

The three appeared in a video that went viral after it was recorded on December 15 in Nabi Saleh.

It showed Tamimi and her cousin approaching two Israeli soldiers before shoving, kicking and slapping them.

The heavily armed soldiers do not respond in the face of what appears to be an attempt to provoke rather than seriously harm them.

They then move backwards after Tamimi's mother Nariman becomes involved.

Tamimi's father argues that her blonde hair and Western dress have contributed to the attention she has received.

"If she was veiled and dark-skinned, would she have got the same attention?" Bassem Tamimi told AFP.

"The Zionist propaganda machine always depicts the Palestinian as dark-skinned and ugly, attacking the blonde victim, but now she is blonde."

'Case of public opinion'

Michael Oren, a former Israeli ambassador to the United States and currently a deputy minister for diplomacy, accused the Tamimis of using children as pawns, however.

"The Tamimi family -— which may not be a real family -— dresses up kids in American clothes and pays them to provoke (Israeli) troops on camera," he wrote on Twitter.

"This cynical and cruel use of children constitutes abuse. Human rights organisations must investigate!"

Since her arrest early on December 19, responses from either side could not be further apart.

Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas has called her father and commended the family's resistance against Israel's occupation, official news agency WAFA reported.

Supporters have accused Israeli authorities of arresting a teenager who was only standing up for the rights of her fellow Palestinians.

The incident occurred during a day of clashes across the West Bank against US President Donald Trump's controversial recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

Violence since Trump's decision has left 12 Palestinians dead, with most killed in clashes with Israeli forces.

The Tamimi family says a relative was shot in the head with a rubber bullet during protests on December 15.

Israelis were divided over the viral video, with some praising the soldiers' restraint and others saying it showed weakness and merited a tougher response.

Bassem Tamimi describes his daughter as "shy", but "someone who is mature enough to reject the occupation responsibly".

She had in the past wanted to become a professional football player, but has since decided to study law to defend her family and village against an Israeli occupation that has lasted more than 50 years, he said.

Regarding criticism of his family, Bassem Tamimi said "we don't have to respond or defend ourselves", calling it an attempt to distract from their cause.

But he said he fears his daughter will be imprisoned over the latest incident, particularly because it has become "a case of public opinion" in Israel.