If you can’t buy a home on your own, go ‘halvies’ with someone – here’s how

There are many benefits to co-ownership but you need to know how to protect yourself, your relationship, and your investment. Picture: Christina Morillo/Pexels

There are many benefits to co-ownership but you need to know how to protect yourself, your relationship, and your investment. Picture: Christina Morillo/Pexels

Published Oct 10, 2023


Just because you cannot afford to buy your own home does not mean you cannot afford to own property.

Buying a property with a partner, friend, or family member can be a good way to take that first step on the property ladder or start an investment journey; you just need to be sure you know what this entails and how to protect yourself, your relationship, and your investment.

There are many benefits to co-ownership and just like an individual bond application, parties entering into joint purchasing need to get their financial lives in order. If any problems exist with one applicant, the entire home loan application will be declined.

Both parties, therefore, will need to polish their financial profiles, say Rawson Property Finance experts.

Get financially ready to buy a home

  • Ditch the debt

Debt is one of the first things banks look at when it comes to assessing bond affordability. It doesn’t matter how many applicants there are, any bad debt will count against you. To qualify for the largest bond at the best interest rate, it is recommended that you get rid of any unnecessary store cards, credit cards, and loan accounts. If you can tighten your belt to pay off things like car loans, that is even better.

Ideally, you need as few expenses coming off your bank accounts each month as possible. This shows the bank that you have sufficient disposable income and that each of you is serious about your financial health.

  • Put your best foot forward

Chances are, one person’s financial profile will be stronger than the other(s) on a joint home loan application. Whether that’s because of a higher income, better credit record, or more stable employment, it makes sense to play up those strengths.

It’s therefore smart to make the most attractive applicant the primary applicant on your joint home loan. Think of it as putting your best foot forward to give the banks a good first impression, the experts say. While it’s not going to make up for any serious black marks on other applicant’s records, it can help boost your overall profile enough to encourage lenders to come to the table with their best offers.

Be prepared with a property co-ownership contract

Most joint buyers will usually get an attorney on board to draw up a detailed co-ownership contract before they apply for a home loan, says Carl Coetzee, chief executive of BetterBond. But note that such contracts carry no weight with third parties like banks and municipalities.

This does not mean that a professionally drafted contract is unnecessary. In fact, if you do not have one it will automatically be presumed in law that each signatory has an equal share of the property, which might not be the case. And this is how the title deed will be registered at the Deeds Office.

Decide who pays for what

There are a number of costs involved in buying a property beyond your basic bond repayments. These include once-off costs like your deposit, transfer, and legal fees, as well as ongoing expenses like insurance, maintenance, rates, and levies, says David Jacobs, regional sales manager for the Rawson Property Group.

“It’s obviously very important to know how much you can each contribute to bond repayments but you’ll also need to assign responsibility for the rest of the costs associated with your purchase and property ownership.”

Understand who owns what

Most co-owners match their ownership proportion to the proportion of costs that they cover. For example, if one partner commits to paying 70 percent of the expenses, that partner will usually receive a 70 percent share in the ownership.

“Just remember, the default division of ownership on a shared property purchase is 50/50. If you want something different, this needs to be clearly specified in all the applicable documentation,” Jacobs says.

Although the share of the property that is owned by each purchaser can be stipulated in the title deed and then registered as such at the Deeds Office, Coetzee says the banks will always want both or all parties to sign that they will be 'jointly and severally' liable to repay that loan. In their eyes, it's a collective commitment. This means the bank is entitled to recover the debt from all the debtors, in proportion to their share.

“Or, if necessary, the bank can recover the whole amount from any one of the signatories. So, if one co-owner falls on hard times and stops paying for some reason, the others will have to make up the shortfall.”

If the remaining owners don't bridge the gap and the loan then falls into arrears, the bank can 'call up' the debt and demand that all, or just one, of them, settle the debt or suffer the risk of having the property repossessed. This is the same procedure followed by municipalities concerning rates, water, and electricity accounts.

Agree on which owner will live in the house

Whether joint owners will be living together in the home – as would be the case of romantic partners, or if it has been purchased as a rental investment property, Jacobs says this needs to be clearly stated in the co-purchasing agreement.

“If only one of you will be living there, will that person pay rent for the privilege? Will this affect the division of costs like rates, levies, and maintenance? If you’re planning to rent the property to a third party, you’ll also need to consider the responsibilities of managing tenants and how you will split the rental income and/or costs.”

What happens when one owner runs into financial problems

Echoing Coetzee, Leonard Kondowe, finance manager for the Rawson Property Group, explains that, if one party in a shared bond is unable to cover their portion of repayments, the other bondholder or bondholders will be held liable for the shortfall by their lender.

“It’s always best to have a clear procedure for recovering these costs fairly, and handling any situation in which the other bondholders cannot cover the extra expense.”

In this event, he recommends bringing the lender into the loop before resorting to desperate measures.

“Banks are very understanding and willing to compromise to help bondholders through tough times.”

Kondowe adds that bond insurance can protect against unforeseen financial challenges, covering bond repayments for the policyholder in the event of death, disability, loss of income, or dread disease.

How to sell a home that is jointly owned

It is vital for the co-ownership contract to spell out what will happen if co-owners go their separate ways, Coetzee says.

“Problems can, and do, occur if one co-owner wants to sell but the others don't, or if, sadly, a co-owner dies. There should be some sort of opt-out clause in the contract so that if someone wants or needs to sell their share, the remaining co-owners will have the first option to buy.”

He says the contract should also include the option of not buying out a partner’s share. It should stipulate that the whole property has to be sold and the proceeds divided according to the original shareholdings.

Jacobs adds: “Don’t forget, you’ll also need to agree on the division of costs – compliance certificates, last-minute repairs, and estate agent’s commission, as well as any profits from the sale.

It is also “very important” for co-owners to each have a last will and testament specifying what happens to their portion of the property investment in the event of their death, he says.

IOL Business