World Vegan Month: The pros and cons of going vegan

A vegan diet has it advantages and challenges. Picture: Pexels Vegan Liftz

A vegan diet has it advantages and challenges. Picture: Pexels Vegan Liftz

Published Nov 2, 2023


November is World Vegan Month and it’s no secret that the vegan diet has gained significant popularity in recent years due to its potential health benefits, ethical considerations, and environmental impacts.

While embracing a plant-based lifestyle offers many advantages, it is important to weigh the pros and cons before making any dietary changes.

It is important to weigh the pros and cons before making any dietary changes. Picture: Freepik/wayhomestudio

If you’re considering changing to a vegan diet, here are the positive aspects as well as the challenges associated with it.

The pros of a vegan diet

Improved health

Lower risk of heart disease: Plant-based diets tend to be low in saturated fats and cholesterol, which can reduce the risk of heart-related problems.

Lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels: Vegan diets rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes have been linked to improved blood pressure and cholesterol profiles.

Increased intake of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants: Vegan diets often emphasise consuming nutrient-dense foods, resulting in a higher intake of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

Environmental benefits

Reduced greenhouse gas emissions: Animal agriculture significantly contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. By opting for a vegan diet, individuals can lower their carbon footprint and contribute to mitigating climate change.

Preservation of natural resources: Raising animals for food requires substantial amounts of water, land, and feed. A vegan diet conserves these resources, promoting environmental sustainability.

Ethical considerations

Animal welfare: Adopting a vegan lifestyle aligns with the belief that animals should not be exploited or harmed for human consumption. By eating plant-based foods, individuals can contribute to the reduction of animal suffering.

The cons of a vegan diet

Nutritional challenges

Potential nutrient deficiencies: Vegan diets may lack certain nutrients like vitamin B12, iron, calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, and zinc. Careful planning and supplementation are essential to ensure adequate intake.

Difficulty in meeting protein needs: Plant sources of protein generally have lower protein quality compared to animal-based sources. Vegans must combine various plant proteins or incorporate plant-based protein supplements to meet their requirements.

Social and practical challenges

Limited food options in social settings: Dining out or attending gatherings may pose challenges for vegans, as many restaurants and social events may have limited plant-based options.

Time-consuming meal preparation: Plant-based diets often require more time in the kitchen for meal planning and preparation, which can be challenging for those with busy schedules.