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SCA rules in favour of Tsogo Sun casinos opposing ‘blanket’ decisions

The Supreme Court of Appeal upheld an appeal application , arguing that new conditions imposed by the board was done “in blanket fashion” instead of doing individual assessments that would apply to each licensee.

The Supreme Court of Appeal upheld an appeal application , arguing that new conditions imposed by the board was done “in blanket fashion” instead of doing individual assessments that would apply to each licensee.

Published Jun 27, 2022

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Cape Town - Stringent decisions made by the Western Cape Gambling and Racing Board relating to Tsogo Sun casinos operating licenses and its Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) framework, have been declared unlawful and invalid.

This comes after the Supreme Court of Appeal upheld an appeal application by the Caledon, Garden Route and Mykonos casinos, which falls under the Tsogo Sun Group in the Western Cape, arguing that new conditions imposed by the board was done “in blanket fashion” instead of doing individual assessments that would apply to each licensee.

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The conditions required the appellants to “achieve an overall rating of Level 4 in terms of the Tourism Scorecard” and to submit related documentation to the Board. The conditions imposed by the board required the appellants to achieve and maintain a Level 4 status under the B-BBEE framework.

According to court documents, the section which was declared unlawful and invalid by the SCA, read that the licence holder shall achieve an overall rating of Level 4 in terms of the Tourism Scorecard, and should submit to the Board “3 calendar months before the expiry date of its licence, a BBBEE rating verification certificate which is not older than 12 months, from an accredited institution, along with its renewal application of the relevant licence.”

Further conditions under the clause read that if the licensee failed to achieve compliance level, that it would submit a plan setting out how the required BBBEE compliance level will be achieved, three months before its license expiry date.

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Also, the licensee should submit a plan, three months before the license expires, setting out its objectives to improve its current BBBEE level and status.

The Tsogo group argued that the imposed conditions were unlawful in that the board was not empowered to impose those conditions, and if they were to hold those powers, “the jurisdictional facts for the exercise of that power were not satisfied”, court documents read.

“The Board’s decision to impose the Level 4 conditions involved an unlawful ‘one size fits all’ industry-wide condition, without regard to the specific circumstances of the appellants. As a result, the discretion of the Board had been fettered by rigidity…the Board’s decision was unreasonable,” Tsogo Sun averred.

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In the judgment, SCA Judge Trevor Govern, said: “There is no dispute that decisions of the Board amount to administrative action under the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 (PAJA). This means that such decisions are susceptible of review under both PAJA and the principle of legality. As to the latter, it is trite that the Board, being a statutory body, is limited to the powers accorded to it in legislation. If an entity exceeds the powers accorded it in making a decision, the decision is unlawful. It has no power to make the decision and such decision would be ultra vires (beyond its powers)...

“Sadly, the Board appears to have elevated what is really a policy into an immutable rule which it applied indiscriminately to all licence holders regardless of their circumstances,” said Govern.

Cape Times

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